During pregnancy, your entire system goes through major changes. Pregnant women must pay special attention to their oral health, in order to avoid exposure to dental health risks.
During pregnancy, the estrogen and progesterone levels will increase a lot, and these hormones might affect your dental care.
It has been scientifically proven that elevated hormone levels are directly linked to plaque buildup.
If plaque is not removed, this may further lead to swelling in the gums and even gingivitis.
The majority of pregnant women are exposed to the risk of developing gingivitis after the second trimester.
Untreated gingivitis can also bring to the surface other oral health enemies, such as periodontal disease.
Then, pregnant women might also experience swollen gums that might in turn lead to the formation of small benign tumors that will usually withdraw without any kind of treatment.
However, the dentist can decide to remove these irritating tumors, especially if they interfere greatly with everyday tasks such as brushing the teeth or chewing the food.
Pregnant women should follow some stricter oral health care rules:
- brushing the teeth with toothpaste that contains fluoride
- women who cannot brush the teeth because of morning sickness, should definitely use an anti-plaque rinse
- using the dental floss twice a day
- it is extremely important to keep the gums clean. If you feel that you cannot use any dental healthcare products because they make you feel sick, you should cleanse your gum line with a damp cloth at least once a day
- in order to maintain good oral health, pregnant women should visit their dentist in the first and second trimesters. The dentist will perform a checkup and will also perform a professional dental cleaning. This way, the plaque and other oral health risks are kept under control successfully.
Painful dental emergencies should be handled with utmost care in the case of pregnant women.
When prescription medication or anesthesia is required to take care of a painful dental problem, you should always discuss this with your doctor.
In addition, make sure to avoid dental X-rays, except if you require emergency dental treatment.
Finally yet importantly, you should inform your dentist at all times that you are pregnant so that he knows what dental procedures he is allowed to perform, and which he has to avoid.