Once considered valuable, wisdom teeth become the teeth category that more often create problems. If it’s true for you then a wisdom tooth oral surgery is needed as soon as possible. The way wisdom tooth surgery is done depends on the problem the tooth causes. Complications, on the other hand, depend on your age: older you are, more problems it may create after wisdom tooth surgery treatment has been done.
Wisdom teeth problems are caused by many things. Usually teeth are misaligned. It makes them damage the second molars, the jawbone, or nerves. They can also partially erupt. It allows bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection, followed by pain, swelling and jaw stiffness. Partially erupted wisdom teeth are more difficult to brush and floss, that makes them more vulnerable for tooth decay and may create gum disease.
When beginning the treatment firstly an X-ray is needed. Only after that your dentist will be able to say exactly which the next actions are. Usually wisdom tooth surgery is made to avoid possible problems. And, of course, it is easier done when being young and not having the tooth’s roots finally developed. Older people need more time for recovery after the wisdom tooth surgery procedure.
Before wisdom tooth oral surgery, the respective area will be numbed with a local anesthetic. However it may be not enough and you dentist may decide to give you a sedative to control the anxiety. These can be nitrous oxide, also known as “laughing gas”, an oral sedative, or an intravenous sedative, made only by professional dentists. In most cases of sedative usage there is necessity that someone will drive you home.
If your wisdom tooth has fully erupted the dentist will find no difficulty in extracting it. The procedure will be done as for any other tooth. In case it is underneath the gums or embedded in the jawbone then the treatment will take more time and energy. Firstly it’s needed to delete the unnecessary area of gum to clean the way. This part of wisdom tooth surgery is not a difficult one and is done rather fast.
Then the portion of bone that lies over the tooth is removed. When it comes to tooth removal it will be extracted in small sections. It will reduce the amount of bone that needs to be removed to get the tooth out. That’s why dentists do not remove embedded in the jawbone wisdom tooth in one piece. This wisdom tooth oral surgery part is a complicated one and represents the main procedure.
A post wisdom tooth surgery will usually bring the same side effects, such as bleeding (the dentist will tell you how to make it stop and what to do if it doesn’t), swelling (a normal expected effect, takes about 2-3 days), pain (there are special tablets to reduce pain, but some of them should be prescribed, in case of severe pain attacks), discoloration (your skin may lose its color on the area swollen before).
To feel better and to make the recovery process faster you’ll have to keep the used during the post wisdom tooth surgery procedure gauze pad placed over the respective area for half an hour after the treatment. Touching the wound should be avoided. Ice packs will help you reduce the swelling effect, while a special diet will allow you recover from the feeling of weakness that usually persist after the wisdom tooth oral surgery.
As for complications you should be ready to have a dry socket or paresthesia. A dry socket is a complication that appears usually when a blood clot has failed to form in the extracted tooth socket or it has formed but has dislodged later. It considerably delays the healing progress, and is accompanied by pain and a foul mouth odor. In this case a special medication will be placed in the socket.
A paresthesia is a post wisdom tooth surgery complication characterized by bruising or damaging the nearby nerve. As a result you won’t feel your tongue, lip, or chin for a few days, weeks or even months. Sometimes a sharp edges of bone may rest and be seen on the surface. It doesn’t necessarily bring problems, but if it does then visit your dentist to smooth it out.