There are quite a few health complications associated with wisdom tooth extraction. First of all, the patient might get dry sockets (wound healing complication) right a few days after the extraction.
This is so mainly because the clot around the wound is not formed properly, or is shed too quickly. Patients struggling with such problems complain about a great degree of pain, especially because portions of the bone in the mouth are uncovered.
A dry socket generally forms in the first couple of days after the wisdom tooth extraction. Sometimes, the pain can travel from the wounded area up to the area of the ears and even beyond.
Halitosis and bad breath might also occur, and people who smoke right after the extraction are mostly prone to developing the complication.
It is extremely important to follow the home treatment and prevention schedule appointed by the dentist, in order to avoid any such painful and frustrating complications.
Some other side effects of wisdom tooth extraction may include infections, persistent bleeding, or bruising and infection of the gums. Sometimes, patients have to put up with a painful feeling in the jaw as well, which is a typical reaction after tooth extraction.
Nerve injury might be yet another problem that can occur, and this can result in a loss of feeling in the lower lip or part of the chin, but this happens only in extremely rare cases.
Sometimes, when the dentist has to apply exaggerated force in order to perform the extraction, jaw bone fracturing can happen. This also happens quite rarely, and it mostly occurs at people who have extremely fragile jaw bones because of a disease (fracture occurs mostly in elderly people).
The long term side effects of wisdom tooth extraction are quite uncommon, but it is extremely important to stay informed and know abut these.
Wisdom tooth extraction is basically dental surgery, and just as with any type of surgery even if minor, there are some possible complications that can arise to surface.
Your dentist is the one who will inform you whether you can get exposed to any of these risks, and it is your decision whether you ultimately want to have your wisdom tooth extracted or not.