Charming, beautiful smile among children and adults can be very attractive and prepossessing.
If you have a baby, the first years of his life your baby has sucking reflex. Your baby sucks mother’s breast, nipple, sometimes finger.
The period of sucking nipples should be no more than one year. After a year you should wean the child from nipples. If a child sucks finger, then it is considered a bad habit. Prolonged finger, nipple or other objects sucking can lead to malocclusion.
The consequences are: lengthening of the upper dentition and shortening of the lower, open bite, multiple caries, malocclusion, and speech defects.
Early intervention of parents in child’s oral habits is very important. However, your child should voluntarily give up this habit.
As to make a child timely stop sucking fingers or other things, you should surround him with attention, care and understanding, gradually replacing the process of sucking with more interesting things to do.
In some cases, the false bandage on the thumb can help. Encourage your child and reward him in the days when he goes without thumb-sucking.
Awards do not necessarily have to be material, simply read him a little longer at night, and go for riding on the carousel or to the zoo. Once you have control over the thumb-sucking during the day, help your child get rid of the thumb-sucking at night.
This is usually an unconscious, involuntary process. In such cases, the use of bandage or some other protection of the thumb may be helpful. Do it slowly. If all the efforts you have done didn’t bring positive results, refer to your orthodontist.
Malocclusion is caused by different factors.
This may be a bad habit, hereditary factor, trauma, impaired nasal breathing, abnormal position of the tongue in the mouth, abnormal swallowing, tonsils, large tongue, and early loss of primary teeth.
If your baby is breathing through the mouth, you should consult with an otorhinolaryngologist and orthodontist.
At an early milk teeth extraction you may need orthodontic care. The place of the extracted tooth must be retained for the permanent tooth. If not, then the loss of space will lead to teeth tightness.
Orthodontic treatment is carried out not only for aesthetic reasons, but for the normalization of process of teeth and jaws development and, as a consequence, for normalization of chewing function and bolus formation and normalization of speech.
It is also good for the prevention of dental diseases (e.g., crowding of teeth makes it difficult to remove plaque, and this means that the probability of occurrence and development of caries and periodontal disease in out-of-the-way places increases).
Orthodontics – the science of correcting abnormal positions of teeth and bite anomalies using removable and fixed appliances.