Wisdom teeth represent one of the most delicate topics for patients.
Most of the patients are afraid to have their wisdom tooth pulled out, even though they must go through the procedure in order to get rid of the excruciating pain or in order to avoid teeth crowding and other complications.
Typically, when the dentist removes the wisdom tooth, he will use sutures in order to close up the gums area where the extraction was performed.
Nigerian researchers have recently run a study which involved as many as 80 patients between the ages of 18 and 38. All these patients had their third molar removed (wisdom tooth).
In the greatest majority of the cases, the molars have been covered by bone mass. Therefore, in order to extract the tooth, the dentist had to open the gums, remove the bone tissue, and lastly remove the tooth itself.
The researchers state that if the dentist does not use stitches in the gums after tooth removal, the patient will heal much faster, and the pain will also be reduced.
In this study, patients have been divided into two groups. In the first group, the dentists performed gum stitching after wisdom tooth removal, while in the second group there were no sutures used. Then, the patients were subjected to several surveys where they were asked about pain, inflammation, or whether they can open and close their mouth without problems.
The conclusions are astonishing. The group of patients which went through tooth removal, but there were no stitches used whatsoever, went through less pain and swelling in the first 24 to 48 hours after removal.
Moreover, they reported they can open and close their mouths much easier. The group of patents that went through gum stitching after wisdom tooth removal reported inflammation, pain and a difficulty in opening/closing their mouth.
Therefore, the researchers can say clearly that the stitch free technique after wisdom tooth removal can help patients heal faster and better. This particular study was published in the International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (May 24 issue).