Whenever a patient needs a dental implant, dentists will usually start growing bone in the mouth of the patient, so that the implantation can be done safely and securely.
However, there is a huge debate going on among dentists worldwide, regarding whether it is better to grow bone first and place the implant afterwards, or to place the dental implant and allow the bone to grow around it for stabilization of the implant.
A recent study run by Prof. Zvi Artzi from the Tel Aviv University’s Maurice and Gabriela School of Dentistry at the Sacker Faculty of Medicine, shows clearly that the two-step implant method is much more effective.
Growing enough bone mass first and implanting the tooth only afterwards is regarded as a much more efficient and safe method. The greatest majority of dental professionals will generally prefer implanting the tooth first, and allow the bone to grow around it and stabilize the tooth.
One of the advantages of two-step implant procedure is that the patient doesn’t have to go through an additional oral surgery for bone grafting, or bone growing.
This particular study has been published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology. The professor further reveals that in the case of one-step tooth implantation, the patient’s tooth will deteriorate much faster than if the two-step implantation method would have been used.
The bone starts resorbing much faster around the tooth in the case of one-step implantation, and this also means that the bone will start to break down much faster.
As you might already know, enough bone mass is of paramount importance in the case of dental implants. If there is enough healthy bone in the mouth of the patient, the implant will be a success.
If the patient lacks enough bone mass, he/she must go through bone grafting, in order to make sure that there is enough healthy bone for the dental implant to be stabilized properly.
Dentists are basically allowed to choose whichever method they prefer and whichever treatment type suits best their patient’s profile; some will go with the one-step implantation method, while others will choose the more superior two-step procedure.
Prof. Artzi says that from a scientific point of view, the two-step implantation method is much more superior qualitatively, because the bone will recede much less in this case.