They are caused by tooth decay which is basically a result of your tooth structure being destroyed. Both your tooth enamel and the dentin are both affected by tooth decay. The enamel is the outer part of your teeth and the dentin is the inner layer of your teeth.
Who Is Susceptible To Cavities?
There are many people who feel that children are the only ones affected by cavities. However, adults of all ages can certainly get them as well. There are many reasons why a person would be subject to getting cavities.
People who have gum disease are able to get cavities because it exposes their teeth roots to plaque. Likewise, if you eat a lot of sugary foods, you are more vulnerable to cavities as well.
How to Tell If You Have Cavities?
More often than not, you will not be able to tell if you have a cavity on your own. When you visit the dentist, they will be able to carefully examine your teeth to search for any signs of cavities and tooth decay.
However, for those that have advanced stages of tooth decay, they might feel some sensitivity in those teeth that have cavities. This will usually happen when consuming really sweet, hot or cold beverages. Visible signs of tooth decay can be seen as well in advanced stages. There will be visible holes or pits in the teeth.
How to Treat Cavities?
There are many different ways to treat cavities. How you treat them will be dependent on the stage of tooth decay in your teeth. If it is not bad, a dentist may remove the decayed area of the tooth and replace it with a filling.
If, however, the decay is more extensive and there is not much tooth structure left, a dentist might opt for crowns instead. In this case, the bad part of the tooth is removed and a crown is fitted over the remaining part of the tooth.
For people whose decay has gotten to the point where the pulp or nerve of the tooth has died, the dentist will suggest a root canal to be done. A root canal procedure involves removing the center of the tooth including the nerve, tissues, blood vessels and the decayed area of the tooth. Next, the tooth is then filled with sealant and a crown will be placed over the newly filled tooth.
Lyndsi Decker is a freelance writer and is currently promoting dental marketing companies. She is also promoting Dentist software. Lyndsi is also a part time student and mother of two.