Plaque is a sticky layer formed by the bacteria growing on food remnants. If the plaque is not cleaned thoroughly, the acid produced by the bacteria would lead to tooth decay and cavities. Overtime, plaque hardens into tartar and this can’t be cleaned by brushing. It becomes necessary to visit the dentist and have them scrape the tartar. This sometimes leads to gap formation between teeth.
Some of the leading problems caused by plaque and tartar are:
· Cavities (holes in tooth)
· Gingivitis (gum disease that causes gums to swell and bleed)
· Bad breath
· Tooth pain and sensitivity
These simple steps that can help keep teeth and gums healthy and strong:
- Brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once helps remove food particles stuck to the teeth or in between teeth and reduce plaque build-up.
- Regular visit to the dentist for routine checks and cleaning helps remove plaque that may have settled in areas that cannot be reached by regular brushing. These visits also help identify improper teeth structure. Use of braces early helps the growth of proper teeth structure without gaps where food particles might get stuck.
- It is also important to keep all tooth appliances like brush, braces, retainers, etc., clean. The chances of bacteria growth on these appliances are also high as they come in contact with the food remains in our mouth.
- Dentist can help choose the right kind of toothbrush and toothpaste that would suit your oral requirements. Electric brushes are known to clean the teeth better than manual brushes.
- Dentists recommend refraining from using our teeth for anything other than chewing. Using teeth for other jobs like crushing ice, opening bottles or wafer bags harm the teeth.
- It is important to use the right kind of brush and toothpaste to get the most out of brushing. Dentists suggest that brush should be replaced every 3 months, and to use toothpaste that contain fluoride. This helps strengthen the enamel and prevent cavities.
- Bacteria in the mouth quickly feed on the stuck sugar substances, releasing acidic compounds that damage the teeth. These acids are capable of eating through the enamel causing cavities. Brush your teeth after you eat candy, to remove the candy stuck to the teeth. Use of chewing gum produces churns of saliva that will rinse the mouth of the sugar particles.
A dentist specialises in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of teeth or oral problems. Regular visits to the dentist help identify oral issues go unnoticed to regular self-inspection. Routine cleaning from a dentist cleans areas that are not cleaned during regular brushing. Professional cleaning also includes scaling and polishing that leave the teeth clean and shining. When teeth are not cleaned completely, it leads to cavity, decay and several other oral diseases.