Periodontal disease treatment is needed after the state of gingivitis reaches the point of infection. The gums begin to pull away from the teeth and pockets of inflammation and infection begin to build.
The body’s enzymes and bacteria will try and fight off the infection that is growing under the gum line, but eventually will begin to eat away the bone and the tissue that is holding the teeth in place.
At this point, periodontal disease treatment is an absolute must to save the teeth in the infected region, if it isn’t already too late.
Home Treatment for Periodontal Disease
The first stage of treating periodontal disease begins at home with a regiment of good cleaning habits and the elimination of certain activities such as smoking.
The use of tobacco products is so destructive that it can actually render the treatment useless in some cases. Brushing twice a day, daily flossing, eating a more balanced diet and the eliminating smoking are all part of the initial phase of periodontal disease treatment.
Periodontist Treatment for Periodontal Disease
A periodontist, a dentist or a dental hygienist can perform the task of scaling and root planing otherwise known as deep cleaning. Scraping the tartar off of the tooth above and below the gum line is known as scaling.
Root planing is when the rougher spots on the root of the tooth are cleaned up, removing the germs and bacteria in ‘pockets’ that are causing periodontal gum disease. Deep cleaning is part of non-surgical periodontal gum disease treatment.
The non-invasive measure of deep cleaning is often accompanied by prescription medications to cure periodontal disease. These medications include antibiotic microspheres, antibiotic gel or an antiseptic ‘chip’.
One of these three medications will be placed into the pockets during deep cleaning. Enzyme suppressants and antimicrobial mouth rinses will also be prescribed to eliminate and cure periodontal disease.
Surgical Periodontal Disease Treatment
If the medications are not successful in curing the periodontal gum disease then surgery is the next remaining alternative. Flap surgery and bone and tissue grafts are two types of surgery.
Flap surgery is performed by surgically pulling the gums away from the infected tooth area and completely removing any tartar still in place. The gums are then fitted snugly around the tooth and sutured back into place.
A periodontist may suggest tissue or bone grafts in addition to flap surgery as a way to replace gone or gum tissue that has been compromised. The bones of teeth and the tissue that holds them in place can re-grow by surgically placing a small piece of specialized mesh fabric between the teeth and gums to keep the area of infection clear of any hindrances to healing.
The advancements of dental science have made it possible now to effectively treat and cure periodontal gum disease for many people. The current treatment and cures for this disease don’t always work for everyone, but go to your dentist regularly, brush, floss, eat well and don’t smoke.
These are the best preventive measures anyone can take to avoid periodontal gum disease in the first place. Healthy habits established while young should keep anyone from developing periodontal gum disease in the first place.