Gums make one of the most important parts in your mouth, and a part of it contributes to your smile. Many people who suffer from severe gum disease, often see the recession of the gums, and a greater part of tooth is exposed, which not only causes sensitivity when extreme hot or cold foods are taken, but also doesn’t look good when the person smiles.
Gingival graft or gum graft is a name given to a type of treatment that provides the following benefits:
- Prevents the exposure of roots of the tooth.
- Prevent further recession of the gums, and strengthen the present gum tissue present.
- Reduces the sensitivity on the tooth, when cold foods are taken.
- Decreases the risk of decay at the roots.
- Improves the appearance of the tooth.
In the gum graft procedure, a small layer of tissue is removed from usually the upper part of the mouth, and placed at the area where the gums are recessed, and is stitched into that place. The area from where the tissue is removed, is sutured for healing.
The gum grafting is also known to reduce the bone loss, that might have been occurring due to severe gum disease. Sometimes, vigorous brushing near the already recessing gums, complicates it more and the entire attachment to tooth is lost.
The type of grafts used for the gum graft procedures, are based on how thick and from where they are taken. In some instances, just the connective tissue is removed, and in some its both connective tissue along with the surface skin which is taken out to place in the area of recession.
Sometimes, its some bio material which is used, when the patient doesn’t have adequate tissue at other places of the mouth too. The only things a dentist looks after, include the proper thickness of the tissue that is to be placed, and it has a good healthy nature.
Also, the area from where the host tissue is to be taken, should be healthy and have abundant tissue, or else healing would be a problem later in that area.
The success of the gum graft surgery depends on the type of defect being treated, and also on the amount of stress applied on the tissue after graft is placed. If the indications are right, and a good surgical procedure is done, success rate is high, and you would see a normal build of the gums very soon after the surgery.
The availability of blood supply to the tissue is very important, so if the defect is large, then the outcome after surgery is not similar to what it would have been when a minute defect is being treated.
The patient too has to be careful on not to put much pressure on the tissue placed, or it being displaced would lead to failure of the surgery. It takes around 4-8 weeks for the tissue to merge perfectly with the underlying and adjacent tissues, and also for the new blood supply to form and connect well with it.
Rarely, a few complications can occur after the gum graft procedure, which include swelling, or loosening of the stitches leading to displacement of the graft tissue, infection of the area, or also failure of healing of the tissue. But they can be easily taken care of, and prevented too if the procedure of gum grafting is done perfectly.