Gum disease affects so much more than just your dental health, and this is a widely accepted statement by the best dental health specialists.
Gum disease is basically an infection of your gums, where the bacterial infection might cause gum swelling, and even very dangerous scarring to the gum tissue.
When the gums are not healthy, they will start retracting, and then the teeth become lose in the pockets. This is when the teeth might be permanently lost, because they cannot be kept stable by the gums.
Gum disease is a condition which is actually caused by excess plaque buildup. The plaque is an extremely sticky film of bacteria that cover the teeth.
Whenever you consume foods or drink beverages, the tooth enamel is destroyed little by little because of the acids that are released by the dental plaque. All these problems can be nicely avoided if you make sure to get regular professional dental cleanings.
You need to make sure to respect proper dental hygiene by brushing and flossing your teeth, plus getting dental cleanings at regular intervals. When too much tartar builds up, your gums will be extremely affected.
The gums can actually retract or become separated from the teeth, and then very deep pockets will form between your teeth and gums. Within these pockets, the bacteria can thrive and cause a lot of damage not only to your dental health, but overall health.
Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two main stages of gum disease. Gingivitis is the milder complication when your gums start bleeding, and your gums are reddish and inflamed. At this point, you can revert back to good health if you get proper treatment.
When periodontitis sets in, it is not only your gumline which has to suffer, but also your bones and tissues. Permanent tooth loss can happen if periodontitis is not treated properly.
Possible health complications caused by gum disease
Problems with diabetes- When the blood sugar levels are not managed properly, you are exposed to a very high risk of developing periodontitis. This is why patients with diabetes are most likely to develop periodontitis. These patients should get deep dental cleanings more often than a patient without diabetes.
Complications during pregnancy- statistics show that women who develop gum disease during their pregnancy, are exposed to a very high risk of low birth weight of their baby, or even preterm birth. Women should pay attention to these complications and:
- get a thorough dental checkup before becoming pregnant- the dentist will perform all the necessary dental treatments, and perform a thorough professional dental cleaning
- if you have just found out that you are pregnant, you should make a dental appointment for dental cleaning, to eliminate the plaque already deposited. Prevent future tartar deposits by checking often with your dentist during pregnancy, and of course by respecting a thorough daily dental care regimen
Lung disease complications- when the tartar and plaque bacteria are not cleaned proper from the surface of your teeth, you will inhale those harmful bacteria. This can lead to complications such as pneumonia, or COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).