Legionnaire’s disease is a health complication caused by bacteria. It is a type of pneumonia, which is contracted by breathing in water mist filled with harmful pathogens.
The disease is usually caused by the mist that comes from air conditioning systems, hot tubs or showers that can be found in large dwellings.
When these fittings are not properly cared for and maintained, the mist that is released contains dangerous bacteria for the human health.
A few days ago there has been reported, the first case of Legionnaire’s disease caused by a visit to a dental office in Rome, Italy.
A woman who was 83 years old has died from Legionnaire’s disease after contracting these harmful bacteria from inhaling the water mist in the dental office.
Even though the patient has contracted the disease on February 11, it was not until a week later that she started struggling with heavy breathing complications and the patient was hospitalized.
The woman struggled with the common symptoms of the disease such as high fever, chills, cough and headaches.
Scientists have tested the water line in the home of the respective patient and they discovered the bacteria called Legionella pneumophilia.
In the report the scientists released it was stated that the bacterium poses a huge danger for elderly patients who have got a weak immune system.
However, scientists concluded that the disease is not actually associated with this source of infection.
Instead, it is more than obvious that the patient contracted the disease from a dental unit waterline when she was having her routine dental treatment.
They stated that the source of infection is actually the aerolized water that comes from the high-speed turbine instruments used in the dental officer.
The authors of the study have concluded that there are certain measures that need to be taken such as:
- the use of anti stagnation and continuous circulation water systems
- continuously applying disinfecting treatments to the waterline
- instead of using the regular water supply, dentists should use sterile water in the dental unit waterline
- the use of proper water filters for the dental instruments utilizing water
- continuous monitoring of the waterline for bacteria and other dangerous particles
- flushing of all the outlets every day and before each dental treatment